Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors.
However, others have not found differences in intellectual and cognitive functioning, language skills, or verbal ability Alessandri, ; Allen and Oliver, ; Elmer, ; Lynch and Roberts, Rib fractures in an infant secondary to child abuse The immediate physical effects of abuse or neglect can be relatively minor bruises or cuts or severe broken bones, hemorrhage, or even death.
In many studies of the effects of observing family violence, for example, the child subjects are often themselves the victims of physical child abuse.
Problematic school performance e. Physically abused children have been found to have more mild neurologic signs, serious physical injuries, and skin markings and scars than their nonabused peers Kolko et al.
Such children are not likely to view caregivers as being a source of safety, and instead typically show an increase in aggressive and hyperactive behaviors which may disrupt healthy or secure attachment with their adopted parents. Eventually, the parent may begin to perceive the child as quiet, sickly, or not very competent, perceptions that may not be shared by others who observe the child Ayoub and Miler, ; Kotelchuck, The psychologist Alice Millernoted for her books on child abuse, took the view that humiliations, spankings and beatings, slaps in the face, etc.
Inappropriate sexual behavior, such as frequent and overt self-stimulation, inappropriate sexual overtures toward other children and adults, and play and fantasy with sexual content, are commonly cited as symptoms of sexual abuse in studies that compare sexually abused with nonabused or nonclinical children Kendall-Tackett et al.
Silvern have conducted a study of the reported incidents of child abuse in the USA and concluded the necessity of creating stronger legal barriers too keep children safe from abuse. Deprivational dwarfism, a medical term applied to children of small stature whose physical Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Thus early neglectful and physically abusive practices have devastating consequences for their small victims.
Behavioral Consequences Physical aggression and antisocial behavior are among the most consistently documented childhood outcomes of physical child abuse. In the preschool classroom, these children presented varied and serious behavior problems.
Proper nutrition, exercise, and sleep also can make a big difference. Studies of sexual promiscuity and teenage pregnancy have primarily included females who were sexually abused.
Most fatality victims of abuse and neglect are under age 5. They explain possible cognitive deficits in abused and neglected children by suggesting that physical abuse affects the development of social-information-processing patterns, which in turn lead to chronic aggressive behavior.
In some cases the physical effects are temporary; however, the pain and suffering they cause a child should not be discounted.
One goal of the study was to scrutinize the impact of psychiatric comorbidities on the relationship between trauma during childhood and the subsequent severity of ED symptoms. In United States alone, there are " to cases of child abuse every year" Finkelhor, The National Academies Press.
Similarly, the more adverse childhood experiences reported, the more likely the person was to have heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, skeletal fractures, liver disease and poor health as an adult. Few studies have found consistent differences in the reaction of boys and girls to molestation, although one popular report found boys to have more externalizing and girls to have more internalizing symptoms Friedrich et al.Page 6 Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect.
The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children.
Child abuse or child maltreatment is physical, sexual, Impaired brain development. Child abuse and neglect have been shown, in some cases, to cause important regions of the brain to fail to form or grow properly, resulting in impaired development. Provides basic information on brain development and the effects of abuse and neglect on that development.
The information is designed to help professionals understand the emotional, mental, and behavioral impact of early abuse and neglect in children who come to the attention of the child welfare system.
A new study recently published in the American Journal of Psychiatry has found an association between child abuse and the reduction of gray matter in the brain that is responsible for information.
Child neglect: developmental issues and outcomes This article highlights the manner in which the principal forms of child neglect exert their influence on development.
Child neglect most typically begins at an early age and has an accumulating effect on subsequent developmental abilities and limitations. Child abuse and neglect have. Child maltreatment during infancy and early childhood has been shown to negatively affect child development, including brain and cognitive development, attachment, and academic achievement.
Child abuse and neglect can have enduring physical, intellectual, and psychological repercussions into adolescence and adulthood.Download